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为什么中国比印度富裕?有什么值得印度和越南学习的?

2018-02-26 | 分类:经济 | 评论:10人

Why is China richer than India? What lessons can India and Vietnam learn?

为什么中国比印度富裕?有什么值得印度和越南学习的?

美版知乎quora问答

Ahhaan Badhwar, history buff
Updated Feb 11, 2017

Both India and China were once superpowers. In the year 1 AD India owned 40 percent of the world’s GDP and China owned 37 percent of the world GDP.

But India due to it’s more strategic and easier terrain came under vicious forgien rulers who looted and murder millions of people.

印度和中国都曾经是超级大国。

公元1年,印度GDP占世界GDP的40%,中国GDP占世界GDP的37%

印度地处战略位置,地势平坦,结果招来外国侵略,数以百万印度人被杀。


China had a very tough terrain of cold mountains of Tibet, Gobi desert and Takla Makan desert. All these are tough barriers making forgien invasion hard.

中国地势崎岖,山区、戈壁滩,还有塔克拉玛干沙漠。

易守难攻,外部难以入侵。

India was looted by thousands of tyrants such as Mahmud of Ghazni, Mohhamad Gohri, Lodhis, Tuglaqs, Taimur Lang and Mughals. All these foreign invaders looted, murdered and converted millions of our fellow Indians for around a 1000 years. This period can be called as the HINDU HOLOCAUST in which more than 80 million people died. Our sages or Rishi Munis were forced to follow the Sharia Law. Our temples were raided, looted and destroyed. Many women and children were enslaved and converted.

统治并洗劫过印度的暴君无数。

入侵者烧杀抢掠达一千年之久。

这段时期堪称印度人的噩梦,有8000多万印度人被杀。

我们的先贤被迫遵守伊斯兰教法。

我们的寺庙被拆。女人和孩子沦为奴隶,纷纷改变信仰

Although China was also ruled by Mongols but their rule didn’t last long enough. India in the 17th century came under the British rule.India was the jewel of the British crown.The foreign invasions of the Muslim rulers and British made India from a culturally and economically rich nation to a poor, looted and a backward society. All these events didn’t really take place in China except for Mongol invasions and Boxer rebellion.

虽然中国也曾经被蒙古人统治,不过统治时间不长。

17世纪,印度被英国统治。当时的印度是英国皇冠上的明珠。

穆斯林的入侵和英国的殖民统治,使得印度从一个文化和经济大国,沦落为一个贫穷落后的国家。

中国有幸逃过这些劫难,只遭受过蒙古人的入侵,还有就是国内的义和团运动。

In the 20 th century both India and China were in turmoil. India got it’s independence in 1947 and was divided into 3 parts. China came under the leadership of Mao Zedong and went through the cultural revolution….In 1976 Chinese economic LPG started and China which had become as poor as an African nation began to expand it economy. In 1991 both India and China were on the same platform but China started it’s manufacturing wave. Today the ‘MADE IN CHINA’ label is very popular. Every thing, from cars to electronics, is manufactured or assembled in China. FOR EXAMPLE: The Chinese manufacturing giant FOXCONN manufactures all our daily used electronics like phones, laptops, gaming consoles, etc. Foxconn has contracts from all companies like Apple, Samsung, Sony, Dell and any company dealing with electronic devices.

20世纪,印度和中国都陷入动荡中。

印度是1947年独立的,后来分裂为3部分。

中国建国后,经历了文化大革命。

1976年,中国开始改革开放,从和非洲国家一样一贫如洗的国家,发展为经济大国。

1991年,印度和中国还是处于同一层次的,不过中国制造业自那后开始繁荣起来,今天的“中国制造”非常受欢迎。

从汽车到电子产品,无一例外都是中国制造或者组装。

中国代工巨头富士康,与苹果、三星、索尼、戴尔等公司合作,生产诸如iphone,笔记本等电子产品。

This Chinese economy developed rapidly removing the unemployment and poverty. The Chinese gov*ment was very disciplined and focused. Most of their leaders are well educated and Chinese government solved many problems of their country like overpopulation, illiteracy, and unemployment.

中国经济发展迅速,失业率减少了,穷人也减少了

中国解决了诸如人口过多、文盲过多和失业率过高的问题。

In India things were pretty different,most of the Indian leaders were ignorant. Due to Nehru’s weak administration the Kashmir issue caught fire, India lost Sino-Indian war of 1962,India became a bit isolated and only had the support of USSR while Pakistan had gained support of both USA and NATO. India suffered from vast socioeconomic problems like poverty, illiteracy, lack of basic infrastructure, unemployment and the list is never ending . None of the Indian leader’s took these issues seriously and these problems kept on growing.Although there was a bigreat time lag between the Indian and Chinese economic growth and it can be seen that Indian economy has grown faster.

印度就不一样了,大多数印度领导人要多无知就有多无知。

尼赫鲁当局软弱,结果克什米尔燃起战火,印度输掉1962年中印战争。

印度变得孤立了,只得到了苏联的支持,而巴基斯坦得到美国和北约的支持。

印度饱受各种社会经济问题的困扰,比如穷人太多,文盲太多,基础设施严重缺乏,失业率过高等等。

没有一位印度领导人将这些问题当回事,结果问题越积越严重。

The Indian economic expansion started under the leadership of P.V. Narasimha Rao who declared India a free trade market. Although India missed the manufacturing wave but catched up in the IT wave. Many IT gains like Infosys, HCL, Wipro ,TCS, etc actually started their progress and now are fortunate 500 companies.

纳拉辛哈·拉奥的领导印度后,宣布印度是一个自由贸易市场,随之而来的是印度经济的起飞。

虽然印度错过了制造业的浪潮,不过抓住了IT业。

涌现了诸如Infosys、 Wipro ,TCS等诸多IT巨头,涌现了世界500强公司。

Both India and Vietnam have alot to learn from China. Although both nations have made immense progress but we ignore our socioeconomic affairs. Infrastructure, education, smart cities, better roads and connectivity are must for both nations .We need to solve our socioeconomic problems first before even thinking of having a bright future. Our leaders need to be foresighted and farsighted like the Chinese leaderships.

印度和越南都有很多需要向中国学习的。

两国都取得了巨大进步,不过忽视了一些社会经济问题,比如基础设施不发达,教育水平没上去,如何建智能城市等,这些是必须的。

先解决社会经济问题,才可能有美好的未来。

我们的领导人必须跟中国领导人一样有远见啊。

来源:Quora中文网(微信号/QQ号:),转载请注明出处和链接!

  • 评论:(10)

已有 10 位网友发表了一针见血的评论,你还等什么?

◎欢迎参与讨论,我的微信公众号是:santaihu

  1. satellite
    Post:2018/03/08 21:02:45

    上面分析出了历史原因,现状分析的也很有道理;但是,想要社会变革,印度有太深的桎梏要摆脱,不摆脱现在庞大的家族体制,再给印度30年也追不上我们。我们有强有力的政治手段去推行各种政策而不被某些集团干扰,而印度在社会没有成熟的情况下推行所谓的民主,只能让各种有利于人民的政策胎死腹中。事实证明,只有强有力的政治力量才能保证国家、社会的有序发展!

  2. 阿三牛逼
    Post:2018/03/16 14:54:31

    前面都是废话,直接从:1991年,印度和中国还是处于同一层次的,不过中国制造业自那后开始繁荣起来…… 开始就行了。说前面无非是想说“老子印度以前多牛逼,就是被人欺负了才变弱的”,这个和问题不符,因为中国也被欺负了,不能解释为什么中国比印度富裕。

  3. happyxqq
    Post:2018/04/03 15:31:23

    公元1年。。。。那时候啥统计啊。。。中国的gdp占世界的37%。。。。不太可信了

  4. 温世双
    Post:2018/04/16 23:23:52

    搞得好像中国之所以能延续至今,是因为有高山阻隔你们这些乞丐打不进来才幸存下来的一样。同时代中国周边又不缺乏异族强国,你波斯之流的西方国家打得过匈奴吗?打得过柔然吗?打得过吐蕃吗?打得过突厥吗?打得过回纥丶月氏国丶吐谷浑丶回鹘吗?打得过契丹西夏金国蒙古吗?打得过瓦剌和鞑靼吗?中国各朝代西北都有这些胡人,游牧强族等,这些国家部族随便一个放到同时代的西方都算是超级强国了吧??你想打进中国你先要把上述这些国家先搞定啊???屠杀古印度人的雅利安人向东进就是我们北方游牧民族的领地,他们不是不想向东亚扩张,而是早在东进的路上就遇到过东亚游牧民族然后被打成 屎 了吧?所以才会挑软柿子去虐印度人把古印度人打成shi哦

  5. 紫薇大帝
    Post:2018/06/09 18:15:55

    我是华夏人,印度和越南我没去过,但是越南主体国民应该算是我华夏中的一员,但是在近代因为清朝统治者严防死守着汉人,闭关锁国,阉割了汉族精神和文化,清朝是对华夏的无情践踏,直接折弯了汉民族的脊梁,从满人协助吴三桂统领的明军打败当时的大顺,以及当清军入关以后地主商人对清军的认可,我看到了明王庭的失败,从朱元璋建国起,失败的种子就埋下,跟今天的朝鲜很相似,好冷不说了,我只能给个建议,知耻而后勇,严律己,谋统一,民族主义解决不了任何事,事情的关键是法,术,势,明白这三个字,印度和越南,将会创造自己的天堂

  6. 神人
    Post:2018/06/09 18:37:32

    和平相处

  7. 阳光虫草
    Post:2018/06/19 08:19:43

    这个翻译是站长自己翻译的吗

  8. 宋鹏辉
    Post:2018/06/25 17:19:27

    此人对中国了解太过浅薄

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