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Quora: 为什么中国或朝鲜从未入侵过日本?

2017-12-12 | 分类:军事 | 评论:1人

Why was Japan never invaded by China or Korea?

为什么中国朝鲜从未入侵日本

【美版知乎quora网贴翻译】

Balaji Viswanathan, Knowledge lover.
Answered Apr 20, 2016 · Upvoted by Adithya Yogesh, MA International Relations & Foreign Policy, John Hopkins (2015)
Japan might look smaller on a map, but it is bigger than Germany in both area and population. The distance between its north and south is more than India’s. Don’t be fooled by faulty map projections. A reasonably self-sufficient, somewhat remote island of that large size and population is extremely hard to conquer even for the largest superpowers. Even the greatest of all superpowers – Mongols – found it impossible [although they were unlucky in both their expeditions].

在地图上,日本可能看起来更小,但面积和人口都超过德国。日本的南北距离比印度更长。别被错误的地图欺骗。对最大的强国来说,这是个自给自足、相当偏远的岛屿,规模和人口之大难以征服。即使是所有大国中最大的蒙古国,也发现侵略它不可能(尽管在两次远征中他们都不走运)。

Korea was a lot smaller and weaker than Japan historically. Thus, Korea was the one that was invaded, not the one invading. Japan did multiple invasions of Korea, such as the Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98)

历史上,朝鲜比日本更小更弱。因此,朝鲜是被侵略,而不是侵略者。日本多次入侵朝鲜,例如万历朝鲜战争。

In case of China, such an invasion of a cold, mountainous island was not worth it. The cost was far higher than the benefit. Japan is nearly 500km off the coast of China and Japan didn’t pose a threat most of the time. China was already managing a very large empire [among the largest of all land empires] and it was simply not worth adding some random land beyond their directly cultural zone. The Chinese empires that did try to conquer beyond their home land such as the Sui dynasty, Qing dynasty and the Yuan dynasty [Mongols] all imploded under the sheer weight of the expansions.
Think of empires as house of cards. You get greedy in adding one more territory and it collapses it all – just as the Soviets found in their expedition to Afghanistan.
All empires are house of cards – precariously arranging multiple ethnicities.
450.1k Views · 6,456 Upvotes · Answer requested by Srinath Sathyamurthy

再如中国,侵略一个寒冷多山的岛屿并无价值,弊大于利。日本离中国海岸线500公里远,大部分时间里日本对中国不构成威胁。中国已经管理着非常大的帝国,不值得文化不直接相关区域中多加几块土地。中国帝国的确试图政府他们的国家,如隋朝、清朝和元朝,都在扩张压力下崩溃了。

将所有帝国想象成纸牌屋,多加一块领土,你会变得贪婪,纸牌屋便会倒塌,就像苏联远征阿富汗那样。所有帝国都是纸牌屋,摇摇欲坠地排列着多个民族。

译文来源:Quora中文网  http://quora123.com/478.html

Gabriel Chan, Overseas Chinese(華僑)
Updated Feb 16, 2015 · Upvoted by Luiz Giaconi, Foreing Relations and Politics post graduate
Originally Answered: Why has China, a much larger country, never invaded Japan?
Countries do not invade each other for fun. Except the Mongols.
China thought it was the centre of the universe and Japan was a barbarian land on the fringes. China was a land rich in human and natural resources. Up until opium was introduced to China, the government thought that China and its people had everything it ever needed domestically. There was no incentive to leave China or colonize far away lands.
The Yuan Dynasty (with a Mongolian Emperor) did try to invade Japan twice. While successful on the battlefield, logistics were disrupted by typhoons, twice. This doomed the invasion attempts, and the Yuan gave up after that. The Japanese called these the ‘divine winds’ (かみかぜ 神風 kamikaze).
296.4k Views · 1,218 Upvotes

原题:为何中国这样更大的国家从未入侵日本?

除了蒙古之外,没有国家是为了取乐侵略他国的。

中国认为自己是宇宙中心,日本是边缘的野蛮之地。中国是人和自然资源丰富的国家,在鸦片传入中国之前,政府认为中国和其人民能自给自足。没有离开中国或远离大陆殖民的动机。

元朝的确两次入侵日本。在战场上取得成功的同时,后勤也被台风中断,两次都如此。这注定了入侵失败,元朝之后也放弃了。日本称这些为“神风”。

来源:Quora中文网(微信号/QQ号:),转载请注明出处和链接!

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  1. 佚名
    Post:2018/05/07 15:49:33

    宇宙中心?那是指韩国谢谢

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