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印度还是中国?外国人更适合哪个国家长期工作和生活?

2017-10-11 | 分类:生活 | 评论:0人

As a foreigner, which country is better to work and live for several years, China or India?

作为外国人印度中国,那个是比较适合数年工作生活的呢?

译文来源:Quora中文网 http://quora123.com/194.html

【回答】

Sid Dua, Interested in history, language, current affairs & politics.
Updated Nov 3, 2016
India, because:

1. Language: 20% of Indians speak fluent English. In other words, 1 in 5 people walking on the streets of India can speak English fluently. Most people, including the poorest, are able to understand some degree of English. The same cannot be said about China where only a select few people (such as English professors, expatriates) would know English. Not to mention, signs and boards in India are printed in English along with Hindi or the local state language. In China, the signs and boards only read in Chinese.
2. Prices: According to Numbeo, consumer prices are 95% higher in China than in India, rent is 255% more expensive in China than in India, restaurant prices are 78% more expensive in China than in India and groceries are 110% more expensive in China than in India.

Source: http://www.numbeo.com/cost-of-li…

印度。因为——
1、语言:20%的印度人说流利的英语,换句话说,在路上走着的5个印度人中有1个人说流利的英语。大多数人,包括最穷的人,都能够在一定程度上理解英语。中国不是同样的,只有少数人懂英语(如英语教授、外籍人士)。更不用说印度的牌子标志都印着印度语和英语或当地官方语言。中国,这些只有中文。

2、价格:根据Numbeo网,中国消费价格比印度高95%,租房比印度贵225%,餐馆价格比印度贵78%,生活用品贵110%。

3. Access to websites: China has blocked many popular Internet sites like Google, YouTube, Facebook, Twitter and Instagram which means if you decide to stay in China, you should bid these websites farewell. They have Chinese equivalents for these sites but they won’t be useful to you unless you’re willing to learn the Chinese language. India allows access to all these websites and the English versions are popular locally.

4. Freedom of speech: This isn’t something that you need to think about too much, but if you say something (in real life or online) that offends the Chinese government in any way, you would be inviting trouble for yourself. Remember that China is a one-party communist state while India is a democratic republic where your freedom of expression is not curtailed.

Also check out: https://www.youtube.com/channel/…

3、网站访问:中国墙了类似谷歌、油管、脸书、推特和ins等知名网站,这意味着如果你待在中国,你将要和这些网站告别。他们有这些网站的替代品,但如果你不打算学中文,这些对你也没用。印度允许访问所有这些网站,英文版在当地很受欢迎。

4、言论自由:这不是你需要考虑太多的事情,但如果你在中国的生活中或网站上说一些反政府的事情,就会给自己惹麻烦。记住,中国是一党制的共产主义国家,而印度是一个民主共和国,你的言论自由没有受到限制。

Richard Bourne, I lived and worked in China for over 4 years for a variety of multinationals and local companies. I speak f…
Answered Mar 30, 2016
Depends on your tastes and what you would be doing.

I would go where I had the better career prospects, and only you can know that.
If you love Indian food but think Chinese food is kinda meh you will probably be better off in India.
Going beyond just like for cuisine; if you are a vegetarian India will be better. If you love meat, China will be better.
If you want clean, modern infrastructure go to China.
If you want order, a stable controlled society, go to China. Not that India isn’t stable, it just seems to achieve it by being in a constant state of chaos which can drive you mad if you are not use to it.

我在中国工作了4年。我要说……
这取决于你的口味和想做的事情。

我会去拥有更好职业前景的地方,只有你知道。如果你爱印度的食物,对中国菜没兴趣,你在印度会更好。不仅是烹饪,如果你是素食者,你在印度更好;爱吃肉,那就中国。

如果你想干净、现代化的建设,那就中国;想要有秩序,稳定的社会,那就去中国。并不是说印度不稳定,它只是在一种混乱的状态中实现它,如果你不适应,你会疯。

If you want an economy with more upside, go to India. China’s economy is slowing and creaking right now. 3-5 years and it might be back on track but right now, India is the better bet.
If you want to learn a language, go to China. Mandarin is fun and useful. If you don’t want to learn a language, Indians do speak English.
If you are a man and want to date/have fun with the local women, you should go to China.
If you want to see old historic sights, India has more and they are more varied. China has spent the last few decades destroying their historic sites and rebuilding them Disney style.
If you want free access to the internet and to say whatever you want, head to India.

如果你想要一个更优势的经济,去印度。中国经济缓慢,正在崩溃。3~5年,可能会回到正轨,但现在印度是最好的选择。

如果你想学一门医院,去中国。普通话很有趣而且有用。如果不想,印度人的确说英语。如果你是男人,想要和当地的女人玩,去中国。如果你想看古老的经典,印度有更多,并且多样。在过去的几十年里,中国一直在毁他们的历史遗迹,并重建他们的迪士尼风格。

如果你想免费上网,想说什么就说什么,那就去印度吧。

 

Naman Bhalla, I learn something new about China everyday
Answered Oct 25, 2016
As a foreigner – as long as you are not spying for your country- a multiparty inefficient democracy or a single party totalitarian regime will not really effect your daily life as an expat in India or China. I am not going to compare India vs China on political systems or freedom of speech or on availability of Facebook.
Here are my own experiences –

作为外国人,如果你不是为你的国家当间谍,一个多党低效的民主和极权政权,都不会影响你在中国或印度的生活。我不会比较印度中国的政治或言论自由或者是否能够上脸熟。这是我的经历——

In terms of hygiene, food safety (apart from a few scandals, which happened in India too), infrastructure,safety, educational system for kids – China.
China also has well developed expat groups and offers a better,safer social life for expats than does India.
Chinese cities are the safest I have ever lived in. During my university days (I spent a few in China), I remember coming back from “international student parties” at 4am in the morning, completely wasted, on a public bus, ON MULTIPLE OCCASIONS. I would not have the courage to do that in India.

为了孩子的卫生和食品安全(不提印度的一些丑闻),基础建设、安全、教育系统——中国。中国也有很发达的外籍组织,比起印度,为外国人提供更好、更安全的社会生活。

中国城市是我去过的国家中最安全的。我大学的时候(在中国待过一阵),我记得我凌晨4点从国际学生社团中回来,因为各种理由在公交车上浪费了好久。在印度我没勇气这么做。

Public transport system is also better in China and not to mention – you are less likely to be harassed by law enforcement in China than in India. Why did I mention that? – because as an expat – you will be required to visit local police stations for registration, residency permit etc. in both India and China. The processes are well defined in China. (The processes are well defined in India too but you are obviously more likely to be asked for a bribe in India).
You are also less likely to be overcharged at a local grocery store in China. Most Indian local grocery stores do not even have a Bar Code scanner and an Indian grocery store owner will more likely return your change in kind not cash (eg. A chewing gum)

中国的公共交通系统更好,更别提,比起印度,你不太可能会被执法部门骚扰。为什么要说这个?因为作为一名外籍人,无论是印度还是中国,你都会被要求去当地警察局登记、居留证等。中国的程序很明确。(印度也是,但明显你会被要求行贿)。

你也不太可能在中国的杂货店被宰。大多数 印度当地杂货店甚至没条形码,一个印度杂货店的老板可能会用实物给你找零,例如一个口香糖。

Another plus for China – You don’t pay a service tax. You pay the price on the menu. No service tax + no tips.
You can buy a VPN to access FB for as cheap as $27. You will also fall in love with Wechat and Alipay – I never carry cash whenever I go out in China. Wechat is accepted by everyone, literally everyone. You will also fall in love with Taobao (like eBay). Well India has Flipkart and PAYTM But the scale of taobao is on entirely different level. Once you figure your way out to use Taobao(the site is in Chinese), you are very likely to get addicted to it – especially due to its super fast delivery services.

其他中国的——你不用缴纳服务税,付菜单上的价钱就可以了,没服务税也不用小费。

你可以买一个VPN上脸书,价格便宜27美元。你会爱上微信和支付宝。我在中国出门从不带现金。微信被所有人接受。你会爱上淘宝。印度也有Flipkart和PAYTM,但淘宝规模完全不同。一旦你找到了上淘宝的方法,你就会上瘾了——特别是由于它的超快的送货服务。

Things I do not like about China –
HEALTHCARE IN CHINA IS RIDICULOUSLY EXPENSIVE. You might want to ask your company to cover your health insurance. India is the hub of medical tourism.
People smoking in elevators. I absolutely loathe it. (Thank God, India is a tobacco chewing nation. In India,You are more likely to find red tobacco spit spots in elevators or stairways than second hand smoke).
Chinese grandparents letting their grand kids “PEE PEE” in public (oh well think about all the street cows and dogs in India who do not know how to use a public toilet)
Indian restaurants in China are pricey. I miss Tandoori Chicken.
Chinese festivals are kinda boring. India is a land of festivals. During major festivals such as Diwali or Holi – people actually come together and spend Holi together. It’s more like a community coming together to celebrate with lights and colors. On the other hand – Chinese cities turn into ghost towns during Chinese New Year- because people spend Chinese New Year with close family or friends while staying indoor spending. You will definitely enjoy Holi or Diwali more than a Chinese New Year dinner.

我不太喜欢中国的地方——

中国的医疗贵得离谱。你可能要让你的公司支付你的医疗保险。印度是医疗旅游中心。

人们在电梯里抽烟。我超级讨厌这个。感谢上帝,印度是嚼用烟草的国家,在印度,比起二手烟,你更容易在电梯或楼梯上发现红烟。

中国的爷爷奶奶们让他们的孙儿在公共场合尿尿(好吧,想象印度街头的牛和狗,他们不知道怎么用公共厕所)。

中国的印度餐馆很贵,我想念印度烤鸡。

中国的节日有点无聊。印度是一个节日的国度。在主要的节日里,如排灯节或胡里节时,人们会聚集在一起,一起过。这更像是一个社区聚在一起以灯光和颜色来庆祝。而中国的城市在春节期间变成了鬼城,因为人们在春节期间和家人或朋友一起度过春节,还在屋里待着。你一定会很喜欢胡里节或排灯节,而不是中国春节晚餐。

来源:Quora中文网(微信号/QQ号:),转载请注明出处和链接!

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