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印度当年把安理会常任理事国席位让给中国?真相是?

2017-09-27 | 分类:资讯 | 评论:0人

How can India gave its UNSC seat to China, if it was not even an independent country in 1945? Is there any proof of this story?

1945年,印度还不是独立国家,怎么会把安理会常任理事国席位让给中国呢?有证据吗?

译文来源:Quora中文网 http://quora123.com/131.html

美国问答网站Quora网贴翻译:

Ken Lyn, China at Teaching (2000-present)
Answered Aug 29

LOL…

This is a question of being lack of common sense.

UN was established in 1945, when india was only a part of British empire and not even a country. How could it get a seat of UNSC?

Such saying is really bullshit(apologies for my impropriety!).

这个问题缺乏常识

联合国是1945年成立的,当时的印度还是英帝国的一部分,还不是一个独立国家呢。

怎么会有安理会常任理事国席位?

完全是胡说八道

 

Joseph Boyle
Answered Aug 29

This popular answer with references discusses the basis for the rumor:

Balaji Viswanathan’s answer to Is it true that Nehru rejected a permanent seat offered to India in the UN Security Council by The US, and if so, why did Nehru do so, and if not, from whence is this rumor derived?

The best time for India to negotiate a UNSC seat was in fact before Partition, with the 1942 Cripps’ mission when Britain was at a low point in the war and Roosevelt was applying pressure on Britain for Indian independence. India had already had individual membership in the League of Nations since its founding. Participating as a major ally represented in the Allied World War II conferences would have become UNSC permanent membership.

尼赫鲁当年真的拒绝接受美国给的常任理事国席位吗?

如果是真的,尼赫鲁当年为何拒绝;

如果不是真的,这个谣言是如何来的?

印度通过谈判争取席位的最好时机是印巴分治之前。

当年英国在战争中处于低迷时期,正在争取印度的合作,罗斯福施压英国让印度独立。

联合国成立伊始,印度已经获得了联合国的成员国资格。

 

Sun Guoxuan, Native Chinese, sometimes naïve.
Answered Sep 4

Of course it’s a rumor. Permanent seats were given to the four main Allies countries (ROC, UK, USA and USSR) and France. 34 years later PRC got the China seat and 46 years later Russia heritaged the Soviet seat.

Never is there a place for India.

当然是谣言啊

常任理事国是5个主要盟国,分别是中华民国、英国、美国、前苏联和法国。

34年后,中国接过了常任理事国席位,46年后,俄罗斯继承了苏联席位。

 

Sudhir Kale, former Dir-Operations CS, Jakarta, retired since Oct.2014 (2004-2014)
Updated Sep 8

It was not in 45 but much later! In 1945, India was not independent & China was not a Communist country. And India didn’t give its seat to China, but foolishly said ‘we will join as permanent member of security council only if China is also given a similar seat!’ China didn’t reciprocate this favour. Why? Because Chinese leaders Mao Tse Dong, Zhou en Lai or Deng were not ‘Pappu’ like Nehru was!

不是1945年,是更晚!

1945年,印度还没独立呢,中国当时也不是共产国家。

印度当时并非把席位让给中国,而是傻傻地宣布,“只有中国也获得安理会常任理事国席位,印度才会加入。”

对此,中国并未投挑报李,为什么?

因为毛、周和邓可不是尼赫鲁

 

Saraswat Majumder, former Student at Apeejay School, Kharghar
Answered Aug 28

india did not give its UNSC sit it just recommended a sit for China its just a misconception that india gave its unsc sit to china pls upvote.

印度并不是拱手让出安理会常任理事国席位,而是建议给中国一个席位。

说印度把席位让给中国是误解!

 

U Singh, President & Founder
Answered Aug 29

At the formation of UN, CHINA, Republic of China then ruled by Kuomintang party until 1949 was one of 5 nations to get permanent UNSC seat. India was never offered permanent seat at UNSC. However during the 1950s India’s prime minister did argue the case with Western powers that Mainland China (People’s Republic of China) be given the “China” seat. If you recall, US did not have relations with mainland (communist ruled ) China. And US did not recognize that government. The UNSC seat for China was occupied by the Republic of China_ROC (Kuomintang government) in Taiwan. Mr. Nehru and many therild world countries felt that seat should be occupied by the “real” China ( and not Taiwan).

Of course after Nixon opened the relationship with mainland in early 70s everything started changing. US recognized mainland China (People’s Republic of China) and Taiwan (ROC) was kicked out of the UN.

联合国成立伊始,当时国民党统治下的中国是安理会5个常任理事国之一,联合国从来就没有向印度提供过席位。

然而,1950年代时候,当时的印度首相确实与西方大国争辩,说中国的席位应该给中国大陆(中华人民共和国)。不过美国并未承认当时的大陆政府。

所以,中国常任理事国的席位被国民党的中华民国占着。

尼赫鲁先生和许多第三世界国家感觉席位应该给真正的中国。

当然,1970年代初尼克松与中国大陆开启关系之后,一切开始改变了。

美国承认了中华人民共和国,台湾被赶出了联合国。

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